Organic and physical chemistry
UNIT-I: ORGANIC – Carbohydrates: Classification, properties and uses, preparation of cane sugar, constitution of glucose and fructose, mutarotation, General study of : Cycloalkanes, arenas, halogen substituted aromatic compounds, simple phenols, nitro and amino compounds, aldehydes and ketones, phenolice & ketones, carboxlic acid (mono and di) electrophilic substiutions, orientation in aromatic compounds .
Descriptive Study of benzene: tolunce, chloro-benzene, nitrobenzene, aniline, benzene diazoniun chloride, bezene sulphonic acid, sulphanilic acid, phthalic acid and salicylic acid. Naphthalene preparation, structure and synthesis, preparation of α and β naphthylamines. Preparation of di & tri hydroxyphenols, constitution of pyridines and quinoline.
UNIT-II: PHYSICAL – Chemical thermodynamics: energy, work, heat capacity the first low of thermodynamics, heat of a reaction at constant pressure and constant, Hess’s low, kirchoff’s equations. The second low of thermodynamics. Entropy (S), determination of entropy. Changes for reversible transition process. Free energy (G) free energy change and chemical equilibrium.
Electrochemistry; Galvanic cells standard electrode potential types of electrodes measurement of ph.
Photochemistry: Lambert-beer low: law of photochemical equivalence; quantum efficiency, high and low quantum yields, photoelectric cell. Phosphorescence and fluorescence.
Inorganic and physical chemistry
UNIT-I: INORGANIC – Acid and Bases: Elementary idea of Bronsted-Lowry and Leqis Concept of acid and bases (proton- donor acceptor and electron donor systems), Relative strengths of Lewis acids bases and the effect of subsituents and the solvent on them.
General properties of 3rd elements & Co-ordination components: molecular compounds, werners co-ordination theory, IUPAC system of nomeneclature of coordination compounds, Discussion of outer and inner orbit complexes, Role of traeer elements (Ne, K, Mg, Ca, Fe, Co, Zn, Cr, P, S, Cl, and I) in biological systems.
General trends in the chemistry of p-blok clemonts: preparation properties, uses and the structure of the following compounds, tin chlorides hydrazinc hydroxylamine and acides, oxides oxyacids and phosphorus tartaremetic hydrogen sulphide (analyticalapplication of oxides and oxyacids of sulpher.sulphury chloride and oxyacids of chlorinc.
Unit-II: Physical – Liquids: vapour pressure, variation of vapour pressure of liquid with temperature. (claus-claperon equation), surface tention viscosity, their experimcntal determination and applications parachor, rheochar and their applications.
Solutions: harnerys law raoults low crtical solution temperature fractional distillation and steam distillation osmosis and measurement of osmotic pressurc. Effect of solutes on boiling points and freezing points calculations of molecular weight abnormal molecular weight.
Hctcrogenous equilibria: phase rule phase diagrams of water sulphur system nermst s distribution law solvent extraction.