Renewable and non-renewable resource
Conventional fuel and their environmental impacts (firewood and animal wastes, coal, petroleum and animal oil).
Modern fuels and their environmental impacts (methanogenic bacteria and biogas, microbial hydrogen production), conversion of sugars to ethanol, the gasohol experiment, solar energy converter-hopes from the photosynthetic pigments.
Possibility of plant petroleum industry and cellulose degradation for combustible fuel, treatment of municipal wastes and industrial effluents, degradation of pesticides and other toxic chemicals by microorganism, B. thuringiensis and biopesticides, enrichment of press-mud by microorganism (bioaccumulation and biomineralizatiaon).
Biofertilizers (nitrogen fixing microorganisms, mycorrhiza).
Environmental impact and assessment of transgenic organism..
Bio-assessment of environmental quality.
Fermentation: The fermentation industry, select ion of industrial microorganisms, production process: fermentation media aeration, pH, temperature, batch versus continuous culture, immobilized enzymes, protein engineering, downstream processing and product recovery, food industry, waste as fermentation substrate, solid state fermentation.
Dairy: Transgenic cows, lactose utilization, fermented dairy products