Cell as a basic unit of living systems: The cell theory precellular evolution; artificial creation of “cell”; broad classification cell type. PPLOS, bacteria, eukaryotic microbes, plant-and animal cells a details classification cell types within an organism, cell, tissue, organ and organism at different levels of organisation of otherwise genetically similar cells, ecological amplitude of cells in high altitude, sediments, areties, hotspring, arid, brackish and freshwater environments; biochemical composition of cells (proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and the metabolic pool..
Ultra structure of the cell membrane and cell organelles: Structure and function of cell organelles; ultrastructure of cell membrane, cytocol golgi bodies, endoplasmic eticeulum (rough and smooth), mitochondria. Chloroplasts, lysosomes, peroxysomes, nucleus (nuclear membrane nucleoplasm, nucleolus).
Chromosomes: Chemical composition; structural organic atoms of chromatids, centromeres, telomeres, chromatin, nucleosome organisation eu-and heterochromatin; special chromosomes (e.g., polytene and lampbrush chromosomes); banding patterns in human chromosomes.
Cell division and cell cycle: mitosis and meiosis interphase and mitosis comparisin of mitosis and meiosis
Cell-Cell interaction: Cell locomotion (amoeboid, flagellar, and cililar) muscle and nerve cells, cell senescence and death.
Cell differentiation: Plants and animals difference between normal and cancer cells.