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Applied Physiology

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This book “Textbook of Applied Physiology” is written primarily for the students of B.Sc. Nursing First Semester.Welcome to the world of applied physiology for nursing students! This book has been meticulously designed to serve as your comprehensive guide, equipping you with the fundamental knowledge and practical understanding of human physiology essential to your journey as a nursing professional.
Physiology is the study of how the human body functions, and its application in the context of healthcare is paramount for nursing students. Understanding the intricate mechanisms and interplay of the body’s systems is crucial to providing quality care, making informed clinical decisions, and promoting optimal patient outcomes.
In this book, we aim to bridge the gap between theoretical concepts and their practical application in the nursing profession. Whether you are just embarking on your nursing education or seeking to enhance your existing knowledge, this resource will accompany you on your path to becoming a competent and compassionate nurse.

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SKU: BSN-102 Categories: , ,
ISBN 978-93-91334-75-8
Publishers R. Narain Publishers & Distributors
Author Dr. Deepkant Chaturvedi
Binding Paperback
Edition 1/e
Price 270
Year 2023
Pages 216
Subject Text Book of Applied Physiology (For B.Sc. Nursing Students)
Weight 250 g
Dimensions 24 × 16 × 1 cm

Table of Content



General Physiology    Basic concepts

  • Cell physiology including transportation across cell membrane
  • Body fluid compartments, Distribution of
  • total body fluid, intracellular and extracellular compartments, major electrolytes and maintenance of homeostasis
  • Cell cycle
  • Tissue formation, repair Membranes and glands functions Application and implication in nursing

Respiratory system

  • Functions of respiratory organs
  • Physiology of respiration
  • Pulmonary circulation  functional features
  • Pulmonary ventilation, exchange of gases
  • Carriage of oxygen and carbon-dioxide, Exchange of gases in tissue
  • Regulation of respiration
  • Hypoxia, cyanosis, dyspnea, periodic breathing
  • Respiratory changes during exercise
  • Application and implication in nursing

Digestive system

  • Functions of the organs of digestive tract
  • Saliva  composition, regulation of secretion and functions of saliva
  • Composition and function of gastric juice, mechanism and regulation of gastric secretion
  • Composition of pancreatic juice, function, regulation of pancreatic secretion
  • Functions of liver, gall bladder and pancreas
  • Composition of bile and function
  • Secretion and function of small and large intestine
  • Movements of alimentary tract
  • Digestion in mouth, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, absorption of food
  • Application and implications in nursing

Circulatory and Lymphatic system

  • Functions of heart, conduction system, cardiac cycle, Stroke volume and cardiac output
  • Blood pressure and Pulse
  • Circulation  principles, factors influencing blood pressure, pulse
  • Coronary circulation, Pulmonary and systemic circulation
  • Heart rate  regulation of heart rate
  • Normal value and variations
  • Cardiovascular homeostasis in exercise and posture
  • Application and implication in nursing


  • Blood  Functions, Physical characteristics
  • Formation of blood cells
  • Erythropoiesis  Functions of RBC, RBC life cycle
  • WBC  types, functions
  • Platelets  Function and production of platelets
  • Clotting mechanism of blood, clotting time, bleeding time, PTT
  • Hemostasis  role of vasoconstriction, platelet plug formation in hemostasis, coagulation factors, intrinsic and extrinsic pathways of coagulation
  • Blood groups and types
  • Functions of reticuloendothelial system, immunity
  • Application in nursing

The Endocrine system

  • Functions and hormones of Pineal Gland, Pituitary gland, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Thymus, Pancreas and Adrenal gland
  • Other hormones
  • Alterations in disease
  • Application and implication in nursing

The Sensory Organs

  • Functions of skin
  • Vision, hearing, taste and smell Errors of refraction, aging changes Application and implications in nursing

Musculoskeletal  system

  • Bones  Functions, movements of bones of axial and appendicular skeleton, Bone healing
  • Joints and joint movements
  • Alteration of joint disease
  • Properties and Functions of skeletal muscles mechanism of muscle contraction
  • Structure and properties of cardiac muscles and smooth muscles
  • Application and implication in nursing

Renal system

  • Functions of kidney in maintaining homeostasis
  • GFR
  • Functions of ureters, bladder and urethra
  • Micturition
  • Regulation of renal function
  • Application and implication in nursing

The Reproductive system

  • Female reproductive system  Menstrual cycle, function and hormones of ovary, oogenesis, fertilization, implantation, Functions of breast
  • Male reproductive system  Spermatogenesis, hormones and its functions, semen
  • Application and implication in providing nursing care

Nervous system

  • Overview of nervous system
  • Review of types, structure and functions of neurons
  • Nerve impulse
  • Review functions of Brain-Medulla, Pons, Cerebrum, Cerebellum
  • Sensory and Motor Nervous system Peripheral Nervous system Autonomic Nervous system
  • Limbic system and higher mental Functions- Hippocampus, Thalamus, Hypothalamus
  • Vestibular apparatus Functions of cranial nerves Autonomic functions
  • Physiology of Pain-somatic, visceral and referred
  • Reflexes
  • CSF formation, composition, circulation of CSF, blood brain barrier and blood CSF barrier
  • Application and implication in nursing.


  1. Comprehensive coverage of theoretical and diagrammatically aspects of physiology.
  2. All intricate aspects are explained by simple, lucid and specific explanations and substantiated with neat and elaborate diagrammatic sketches.
  3. Examples from physiology are included extensively.


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